What to watch for after India overtakes China as most-populous nation

The challenge for India, which is estimated to grow 7% in the year ending March, is to sustain that pace of expansion in the coming decades or end up with even higher unemployment rates

Low De Wei, Vrishti Beniwal & Karthikeyan Sundaram | Bloomberg
most-populous nation, India population

Photo: Bloomberg

As India overtakes China as the world’s most-populous nation, an array of demographic issues such as birth rates and labor markets are emerging as key themes to watch out for in the two Asian powerhouses.

India, with its predominantly young population, is on course to being the fastest-growing major economy in the coming years, while an aging China is expected to see slower growth after years of rapid expansion.

Here are five charts to show why demographics matter in this historic shift:
China, whose strict one-child policy until 2016 kept birth rates in check, will see its worki

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First Published: Jan 19 2023 | 1:18 PM IST

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