Following a positive diagnosis, the patient should be retested before they are enrolled in treatment and care to rule out any potential testing or reporting error | Photo: Shutterstock
Most people confuse HIV and AIDS. While HIV is the virus that attacks the immune system, AIDS, also known as late stage HIV, is a set of symptoms that are manifested due to an immune system seriously damaged by HIV. Though there is no cure for HIV, early diagnosis can aid in timely initiation of antiretroviral therapy that can stop the virus from damaging the immune system. An HIV patient who has received timely treatment can live a normal and long life without progressing to late stage HIV.
Arresting the infection early on
HIV diagnosis is made by either demonstrating the presence of virus or viral products (antigens), alternatively by detecting host response (antibodies) to the virus. Rapid
First Published: Mar 22 2020 | 01:07 AM IST