R&D: An inside job

For innovation to power economic growth, Indian industry must raise its investment in in-house R&D five-fold

Naushad Forbes

Research and development (R&D) is a large global enterprise. The world invests a little over 2 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) in R&D. This spending is hugely concentrated.  Of the $2 trillion spent on global R&D, the top five (of over 180) countries — the US, China, Japan, Germany and South Korea — account for three-quarters.  In-house spending by industry accounts for a little over two-thirds of all R&D investment, with the balance split 60:40 between higher education and government laboratories. Within industry, the top five industries — pharmaceuticals, automobiles, technology hardware, software and electronics — account for 73 per cent of all industrial R&D.  And within those industries, it is highly concentrated in a few companies, with the top 20 companies accounting for 22 per cent of global industrial R&D (think about it, 20 firms spend over 20 per cent of what millions of firms do worldwide).
Disclaimer: These are personal views of the writer. They do not necessarily reflect the opinion of or the Business Standard newspaper

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First Published: Feb 15 2023 | 10:32 PM IST

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