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One-third of all food in India is spoiled or wasted before it is consumed, says the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). The Food Waste Index Report 2021 of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) had reckoned household food wastage in India at around 50 kg per capita per year, amounting to a total of 68.76 million tonnes. These losses occur in the supply chain — transportation, storage, and marketing — as also at household level in kitchens and on dining-tables. A sizeable amount of food normally remains unutilised and is discarded because of the tendency to buy or cook more food than can be consumed by families or guests at social events. Paucity of refrigeration and cold-storage facilities is another factor
responsible for food spoilage. A study by the Kolkata-based Indian Institute of Management has revealed that hardly 10 per cent of the perishable food items find a place in cold stores.
Globally, too, a
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