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Back in 1981, four southern states (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu) accounted for a little more than a fifth of national economic activity. The four are now five, with Telangana having been carved out of Andhra Pradesh. And their current share of economic activity has increased by well over a third to 30 per cent. That the south has done better than other regions is generally acknowledged; how much better may come as a surprise to many.
The southern states also have a better record of population control, hence fewer people share their bigger slice of the pie than would have been the case if the population had grown at, say, the rate in Bihar or Uttar Pradesh.